Judicial System

Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals – Type of Court for 6th Graders

The Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals is based at the Potter Stewart United States Courthouse in Cincinnati, Ohio. It is one of 13 federal circuit courts of appeals and four judges from this court have gone on to serve as Supreme Court justices.

In an effort to improve the judicial system, Florida’s Supreme Court has recommended adding a sixth district court of appeal and adjusting the boundaries of existing appellate districts.


The power of a court to decide matters within its legal bounds. Also referred to as “general jurisdiction.”

A decree that disposes of litigation but does not require specific action be taken. A court may order a defendant to pay a sum of money or to refrain from specific acts.

Testimony given by a witness about what he or she thinks, believes or infers regarding a fact in dispute. Evidence of this kind is usually not admissible on direct examination but may be on cross-examination.

A case which has been transferred to another court from one judicial district to be tried by an available judge because of inability to secure an impartial hearing in the original venue. Generally, a case cannot be moved more than once. The Office of Court Administration is the administrative arm of the Chief Justice, who is constitutionally designated as the administrative head of the unified judicial system. The office collects caseload data and makes recommendations to the Chief Justice for terms of courts, assignment of judges and judicial education programs.


Judge Wolke loves seeing 6th graders stretch their brains and become critical thinkers. She also enjoys seeing kids learn to be strong public speakers and participate in a real trial.

In New York, trial courts of general jurisdiction are aligned into sixteen circuits. A person can appeal a case to an appellate court, which is organized into five districts.

A person can also make a direct appeal from a final court decision to the Supreme Court. A few cases go directly to the Supreme Court, which includes disagreements between two states and death penalty cases.

The Chief Justice, on behalf of the unified court system, appoints administrative judges in each jurisdiction who have significant latitude to carry out policy and address local issues. Judge Hood and her husband live in Detroit. She is a graduate of the University of Michigan and the University of Detroit Mercy School of Law. She has served on numerous international programs, including teaching in Romania and lecturing in several republics of the former Soviet Union.


In the Courtroom in the Classroom program, judges travel to high schools to hear oral arguments from real cases that will eventually be ruled upon by the Court. The Court provides each school with background information about the case(s) and curricular materials for teachers to use to prepare students for the visit. The Judges also conduct a question and answer session with students after the oral arguments conclude.

For this space type, design requirements include an area in which the judges can sit during oral arguments; a place for two attorneys to sit during oral argument; a room where the Judges can confer with counsel out of earshot of other participants; and a public seating area with upholstered chairs. High ceilings are preferred to enhance spatial quality and provide unobstructed views.

Special security provisions are required for this space type including ballistic cladding integral with the Judges benches, raised floors for power, voice, data, and HVAC services and a pressurized air supply through the ceiling plenum.

Public Access

Unless otherwise restricted by law, all court records are open to the public for examination. Upon receiving a request for access to records, court personnel may direct the person to the public access terminal, or if they are unable to locate a record in the Odyssey system, they may ask for written clarification of the scope of the request. The court may also provide remote internet access to selected information compiled from the selection, aggregation or reformulation of information in court records without the need for a visit to a court facility. This information is available at the public access terminals and through individual requests submitted to the clerk of court by telephone, letter or email.

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